Preemption Watch Bill Tracking Summary
Publication Date: 7/25/2014
July 25, 2014
As you work to protect local control for tobacco control issues, it's important to also be mindful that there are ongoing preemption threats to additional public health issues, that can impact the local control environment in your state. Take a look at a helpful fact sheet from Grassroots Change: Best Practices: Tracking and Countering the Supporters of Preemption, which highlights key ways to prepare for and respond to preemption efforts across multiple public health issues.
Legislative sessions have ended for 2014 in Alabama, Alaska, Arkansas, Colorado, Connecticut, Florida, Georgia, Hawaii, Iowa, Idaho, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine, Maryland, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Nebraska, New Mexico, Oklahoma, Oregon, Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Utah, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia, and Wyoming.
Please email ANR with any new smokefree bills—or anticipated bills that we should keep our eyes open for—or preemption attempts in your state and we will be sure to add them to Preemption Watch.
In 2014, we expect to see attempts at preemptive legislation not just in tobacco control but in across public health issues, including nutrition and anti-obesity efforts. Of particular concern are bills that could preempt multiple public health issues including tobacco control. As you prepare for your 2014 legislative sessions, check out a cross-issue preemption fact sheet from Grassroots Change.
ANR tracks pending legislation relating to states' smokefree air policies as part of the continued fight to prevent preemptive legislation before it can be passed and to overturn preemption in states where it is already in place. Since even a strong bill can become preemptive at any point in the legislative process, it is very important to track even the best bills throughout the entire legislative session and keep a watchful eye out for all attempts to remove local control.
Below is a listing of state bills that have been introduced in state legislatures thus far. Please visit the www.protectlocalcontrol.org and click on the state of your choice to view the summary, text, and status of pending bills.
and changes in bill status since the last update appear in bold.
The new and pending legislative bills are classified below into eight categories to clearly delineate which bills will protect public health and should be supported from those that should be opposed because they do not effectively protect public health, weaken a strong law, or intend to preempt local control. New bills and changes in bill status since the last update appear in bold.
Strong: Bill includes 100% smokefree non-hospitality
workplaces and/or restaurants and/or bars; strengthens existing smokefree laws;
or repeals preemption.
Weak: Bill includes ventilation, smoking rooms, or other key exemptions.
Weakens: Bill weakens a current strong 100% smokefree law.
Preemptive: Bill contains preemptive language that removes the right to local control.
Vehicles: Bill addresses smoking in vehicles with children present.
Outdoor: Bill primarily addresses smoking in outdoor locations.
Housing: Bill addresses smoking in multi-unit housing.
E-cigarettes: Bill addresses where e-cigarettes can be used.
Other: Bills contain other provisions and should be watched.
· The following states have strong bills that include 100% smokefree non-hospitality workplaces and/or restaurants and/or bars; OR repeals preemption:
Delaware: HB404 (removes private clubs exemption)
New Hampshire: SB382 (private clubs)—Health, Education and Human Services Committee referred to Interim Study
New Jersey: A2133 (casinos); S1639 (casinos)
Pennsylvania: SB80 (preemption repeal, restaurants, bars, and gaming); HB1485 (preemption repeal, restaurants, bars, and gaming)—Reported with request to re-refer to Health Committee; HB2149 (restaurants and bars); HB2153 (gaming)
· The following states have weak
bills that include ventilation, smoking rooms, size exemptions, or other major
faults or exemptions:
New Jersey: A2358 (areas of state beaches/parks)
· The following states have bills that create exemptions that weaken a current smokefree law:
Illinois: SB0053 (outdoor smoking enclosure exemption); SB852 (cigar exemption)
Michigan: HB4536 (smoking room exemption); HB5159—(partially enclosed exemption)
New Hampshire: HB1396 (veterans’ home)—Interim Study Subcommittee Work Session held 6/3
New Jersey: A228 (cigar bar exemption)—Passed Assembly and sent to Senate; S957 (special event exemption); S1863 (cigar bar exemption)
· The following states have preemptive bills:
North Carolina: SB112/H94 (preemptive)—Carry over to 2014
· The following states have bills that address smoking in vehicles when children are present:
District of Columbia: B20-0504 (vehicles with minors)
Illinois: SB2659 (vehicles with minors)—Pursuant to Senate Rule 3-9(b) / Referred to Assignments
Massachusetts: H1984 (vehicles with minors)—Accompanied a study order H4234
Michigan: HB5101—(vehicles with minors); HB5648 (vehicles with minors)
New Jersey: A826 (vehicles with minors); S828 (vehicles with minors)
New York: A00622 (vehicles with minors)—Referred to Health; S00472 (vehicles with minors)—Referred to Transportation
Ohio: SB130 (vehicles with minors)
Pennsylvania: HB1613 (vehicles with minors); HB1841—(vehicles with minors)
Rhode Island: SB2084 (vehicle with minors)—Session Adjourned
· The following states have bills primarily addressing smoking in outdoor locations:
California: AB2539 (farmers markets)—Passed Senate Committee on Health, re-referred to Committee on Appropriations
District of Columbia: B20-0093 (playgrounds)—Public Hearing May 13
Illinois: SB2202 (college campuses)—Sent to Governor
Michigan: HB4978 (reasonable distance, partial preemption repeal)
New Jersey: A1080 (parks and beaches)—Passed Assembly; A1978 (college campuses)—Passed Higher Education Committee; A2097 (recreation and conservation lands); A2098 (parks and beaches); S344 (parks and beaches); S345 (recreation and conservation lands); A2731 (state beaches/parks); S1249 (state beaches/parks); S1629 (outdoor public places); S1772 (parks and beaches)—Amended and Passed Senate Health, Human Services and Senior Citizens Committee, 2nd reading; S1894 (college campuses)
New York: A00450 (parks and plazas)—Amended and Re-referred to Health; A00553 (parks and beaches)—Amended and Re-Referred to Health; A01679 (reasonable distance)—Reported referred to Codes; A03663 (playgrounds)—Referred to Health; A06620 (college campuses); S00464 (parks and plazas)—Amended and Recommitted to Health; S01449 (playgrounds)—Referred to Health; SB02363 (reasonable distance; housing disclosure)—Referred to Health; S06241 (parks)—Referred to Health; S07520 (school bus stops); A09826—(school bus stops)
Ohio: HB281 (school property)
Pennsylvania: HB1549 (recreational areas); HB2127 (school bus stops)
· The following states have bills that address smoking in multi-unit housing:
Massachusetts: S1028 (senior housing); H1897 (multi-unit housing)—Accompanied a study order H4147
New Jersey: S1636(housing); S1899 (housing disclosure)
New York: A00495 (housing disclosure)—Reported Referred from Codes; A02414 (reasonable distance and housing disclosure)—Referred to Health; S02374 (housing disclosure)—Amended and Recommitted to Agriculture; A04628 (housing common areas); A05322 (housing disclosure)—Amended and recommitted to Agriculture; A05893 (public housing)—Referred to Health; S05012 (housing disclosure)—Referred to Health
North Carolina: HB805—(foster care)—Carry over to 2014
· The following states have bills that address the use of e-cigarettes:
California: SB648 (e-cigarettes in vending machines)—Passed House Committee on Governmental Organization, referred to Committee on Appropriations
Delaware: HB309 (e-cigarette use in smokefree spaces)—Passed House, sent to Senate Executive Committee
District of Columbia: B20-233 (e-cigarettes)
Massachusetts: H3639 (e-cigarette use in smokefree spaces); H3726 (e-cigarettes)—Reporting date extended to Friday August 1
New York: A8178 (e-cigarettes)—Reported Referred to Codes; A08190 (e-cigarettes)—Amended and Recommitted to Health; S06255 (e-cigarette use; tax exemption)—Amended and Recommitted to Health Committee; S06562 (e-cigarette use)—Amended on 3rd Reading; S07841 (e-cigarettes in smokefree spaces)
· The following states have other
provisions and should be watched:
California: AB1819 (day care)—Passed Senate Committee on Appropriations, read second time and ordered to third reading
Illinois: SB0827 (technical change); B0828 (technical change); SB841 (technical change); HB0699 (technical change); HB0698 (technical change); SB1247 (technical change); SB1364 (technical change); HB1202 (retail tobacco store regulation); SB2130 (technical change); HB2041 (technical change); HB2042 (technical change); HB5099 (technical change)—Rule 19(a) / Re-referred to Rules Committee; HB5100 (technical change)—Rule 19(a) / Re-referred to Rules Committee
Massachusetts: H1966 (tobacco free pharmacies)—Accompanied a study order H4265
Michigan: HB4651 (cigar bar exemption)
New Jersey: S321 (penalty for smokefree violation)—Passed the Senate 37-1; A3172 (local penalties)
New York: S07560 (after-school programs)—Passed Senate; A10046 (after-school programs)
Rhode Island: SB2333 (smoking bar requirements)—Session Adjourned
Legislation Enacted this Session
Hawaii: SB651 (public housing)—Signed by Governor
Louisiana: HB168 (reasonable distance)—Signed by Governor; SB514 (school property)—Signed by Governor
Minnesota: HF2402 (e-cigarette use)—Signed by Governor
Oklahoma: SB1777 (veterans centers)—Signed by Governor
Vermont: H0217 (smokefree expansion)—Signed by Governor
Virginia: HB484 (e-cigarettes in schools)—Signed by Governor